Planting Herbs at Home - A step-by-step Guide

Planting Herbs at Home - A step-by-step Guide

Herbs are one of the easiest plants to grow at home. All you need is sunlight, water, and soil. If you live in an apartment, you can still grow herbs indoors.

So whether you're interested in growing herbs for cooking, ornamental, or medicinal purposes, here's everything you need to know about planting herbs at home.

Choose Your Herb Garden Location

Most herbs require good sunlight. They thrive well in moderate temperatures and soil with good drainage.

While growing them indoors, Choose a sunny spot near a window. Avoid areas that receive harsh direct sunlight.

Choose container

You can grow herbs in any container. But terra-cotta pots are best as they provide good aeration to the roots. Herbs are an excellent choice for container gardening.


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Avoid using compact soil as it doesn't provide proper drainage. Instead, choose well-draining loose soil with organic matter. Water logging is a problem while growing herbs, and it reduces the flavor and aroma of the herbs.

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Plant Seeds

Place seeds in the center of the potting mix. Cover the seeds thinly with potting mix. You can also use cuttings to grow some herbs like thyme and Rosemary.

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Overwatering will kill the herbs. So always check the moisture content in the soil using your finger. Water only if the topsoil seems dry.


Timely harvest is necessary to encourage further growth of the plant. While harvesting, snip off the tip of the shoot. Also, remove flower buds when you find any on your plant. Because once the flowering starts, the leaves and flavor of the herb reduce.

Choosing the herbs

There are hundreds of herb soy can choose from. We have listed some of them below according to their growth and light requirements:

Annual herbs

Dill, chamomile, coriander, borage, stevia, and basil, are some of the annual herbs.


Perennial herbs

Thyme, oregano, Lemon Verbena, Sweet Marjoram, Lemon Balm, Fennel, Sage, Mint, Lavender, Garlic Chives, and Rosemary are some of the perennial herbs.

Mediterranean herbs

Some Mediterranean herbs are Rosemary, basil, lavender, oregano, sage, and thyme. They require bright sunlight to grow well.

Herbs for semi-shade spaces

Dill, parsley, fennel, tarragon, chives, peppermint, and chamomile.


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Extra reading

13 Fresh Herbs to Grow in Your Kitchen Window

Planting Herbs in Containers: Oregano, Chives, Thyme, Mints, Basil, Sage, Rosemary, Lavender

Herbs that you can grow at home

Growing Mint Indoors

Growing Thyme in Pots


Happy Gardening!

Dr. Vandana K.