Indoor plants are an excellent addition to any room. They provide beauty, color, and texture without taking up space outdoors. Plus, indoor plants are easier to care for than outdoor ones.
They're also inexpensive and easy to grow. If you've ever tried growing houseplants, you'll know it's not difficult. All you need is a pot, soil, fertilizer, water, and sunlight.
Incorporate these simple tips into your gardening routine to grow beautiful indoor plants.
1. Select the Right Plant for Your Space
Select plants that fit your space. For instance, if you plan to place a plant in the corner of your bedroom, choose one with a compact growth habit.
Choose flowering plants to plant near a sunny window.
2. Ensure Proper Lighting Conditions
Lighting conditions play a key role in determining whether a plant thrives indoors. Choose the locations according to the light requirements of the plant.
3. Water Regularly
Watering is essential for maintaining the health of your plants. Most plants require regular watering.
However, you should pay special attention to the watering needs of certain types of plants. For example, succulents such as cacti and aloe require frequent moisture.
4. Fertilize Regularly
Fertilizers promote plant growth and prevent nutrient deficiencies. As a result, many plants benefit from the monthly application of fertilizer.
Some plants, however, require additional nutrients. For example, citrus trees require nitrogen-rich fertilizers.
5. Choose the right containers.
The pots and containers you use for the indoor garden should give enough room for the roots to grow. The size of the pots depends on the plant you are growing. Ensure that the containers have enough drainage holes to allow the excess water to drain out.
It might be tempting to fill your containers with garden soil. But garden soil conations lots of pests and pathogens. So instead, choose a well-balanced quality potting mix for indoor gardening.
7. Grow vertically
Do not worry ion you have a small space for indoor gardening. Make use of the vertical space. You can use hanging baskets to grow beautiful plants like pothos, spider plants, etc. You can also plant vines and trail them on the wall
8. Use trellis
Vining plants and climbers can be shaped into different designs by using a beautiful trellis indoors.
9. Watch out for pests and diseases
Pests and diseases can easily affect indoor plants. If you notice any signs of infestation, use an organic pesticide solution to keep them at bay.
10. Control humidity
High humidity increases fungal infection in plants. When plants are grouped together, the humidity level rises. In winter, humidity decreases, and you may have to increase the humidity by misting or other methods.
11. Removing dead and damaged leaves
Remove the dead and damaged leaves periodically. This diverts vital plant energy toward plant growth and development. It also makes the plant look lush and beautiful.
12. Checking the soil
Overwatering is the main issue in indoor gardening. Therefore, checking the soil by inserting a finger in the soil helps to avoid the problem of over-watering.
13. Shaking the plants
Shaking the plants now and then promotes healthy growth and a strong root system. It also drives off some pests like white flies, which may be on the plant.
14. Clean the foliage
Cleaning the leaves of indoor plants is a very important practice. It will remove the dust and dirt from the leaves, making them shiny, and easing the process of photosynthesis.
15. Checking the leaves
Checking both sides of the leaves will reveal any disease or pest in the plant.
16. Rotate the plants
Indoor plants often tend to tilt toward the sun. So rotate the plants once a week to maintain the bushy growth of the plant. It also ensures all parts of the plant receive ample sunlight.
Plants need repotting every one or two years. Signs like a root growing out of the containers and slow growth are the signs that your plants need repotting.
Dr. Vandana K.