Canna indica is a perennial plant which produces many clusters of stems The stems arise out of a large, thick and tubular rhizome. The leaves are a typical monocot style and appear like a mini banana plant and banana leaves.
Canna indica is an easy to-grow perennial that produces attractive flowers throughout the summer months. Planting in groups will help create a lush landscape. Remove old flower stalks to encourage new growth. Indian shot is an annual plant that grows wild throughout South Africa. It does not require much maintenance, and its leaves turn yellow after flowering.
The plant is used as a food source and also has other commercial uses. It is commonly grown for its ornamental and showy flowers and attractive leaves.
The fresh rhizomes can be harvested after frosts kill off the tops. The tubers grow underground and can be dug out in autumn.
The plant is native to tropical parts of Africa, India, Sri Lanka, China, Japan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam.
It is commonly called Indian shot since the seeds resemble shotgun pellets.
How to grow Canna flowers -
1. Choose the Right Location
Indoor plants require bright indirect lighting. They also like warm temperatures between 65°F and 75°F. Indoors, they may receive direct sunlight during the day but must stay shaded when night falls.
2. Water Indefinitely
Watering your plants regularly is essential. But overwatering can cause roots to rot. So make sure to give your plants just the right amount of moisture.
3. Feed Regularly
Feed your plants every week or so. Use a fertilizer specifically formulated for houseplants. Don't feed too much; instead, apply only half the recommended dose. Too much fertilizer can burn leaves and stems.
4. Add Potting Mix
Plant soil mixes contain nutrients that promote growth. To avoid overwatering, choose a potting mix that drains well. Avoid clay pots, which absorb excess water.
5. Give Plenty of Light
Plant them in a location that receives atleast 4-5 hours of sunlight.
Uses of Canna indica
Arrowroot is made into flour which is used as a thickener or stabilizer for sauces and gravies. It is also used as baby food and famine food. The roots are boiled until tender, peeled and mashed to form a paste which is added to soups, stews and casseroles.
The leaves and stems are used as a vegetable, either raw or steamed.
The starch can be made into flour, which can be used to make noodles. The roots can be boiled and eaten like potatoes.
The leaves are used as wrapping for other foods.
The seeds give a purple dye.
Medicinal Uses of Canna indica
The roots are used in the treatment of fever. Rhizomes are used in the treatment for skin diseases. Decoctions are used to treat fevers. Infusions are used to treat headaches. Emollients are applied to wounds. The plant contains chemicals which act against bacteria causing acne. It is used to treat coughs and colds. Treats menstrual problems, dysmenorrhea, menopause, and infertility. Seeds are used in treating headaches.
Dr. Vandana K.