How to grow mango trees

How to grow mango trees

Mango trees are one of the most beautiful fruits in the world. They are also very useful. The mango fruit is rich in vitamin C, fiber, potassium, antioxidants, and other nutrients. In addition, they are delicious and nutritious. Mango is known as the king of fruits. It is a tropical fruit.

Mangoes are delicious fruits that come from tropical regions around the globe. They are also extremely nutritious and contain lots of vitamins and minerals. Mangoes are a great source of vitamins and minerals. They contain antioxidants, which fight free radicals in our bodies. These antioxidants help prevent cancer and heart disease.

Mangos are native to tropical regions around the globe. There are over 800 mango varieties that differ in size, shape, color, flavor, and texture.  There are many different types of mango. A dwarf mango tree is also available. 

Growing your mango tree is simple and affordable. All you need is a little space, some soil, and a seedling or two. Once they start producing fruit, you can harvest them regularly. Both unripe and ripe fruits are consumed. 

You can plant mango seeds directly into the ground or use a container. The latter option will allow you to control the environment.

The best planting time for mango is during spring or fall. It can be planted at any time after it has been purchased from a nursery. However, if you want to get the best results, you should wait until it’s fully grown before planting.

Mango trees are easy to grow, and the ripe mangoes are delicious. The best way to grow mangoes is to plant them in pots filled with potting soil. When planting, be careful not to damage the roots. Water the tree regularly, and fertilize once a month. After 2 months, transplant the seedlings into larger containers. Once the plant has grown to about 6 inches tall, remove all leaves except for one leaf at the top. This will help the plant to focus energy on growing new leaves.

Once the plant starts to flower, cut off its branches so that only the main stem remains. You can then place the plant in the sun for several days. If necessary, cover the plant with a plastic bag. Remove this when the plant begins to sprout again.

Steps to grow your mango tree from seedlings :

- A pot with drainage holes

- Potting soil

- Watering system

- Seedlings

- Planting tools

1. Choose a good location for your tree. You should choose an area where there is enough sunlight but not too much heat. If possible, place the tree on a slope so that water drains away easily.

mango trees

2. Dig out a hole about twice as wide as the root ball. Remove all debris and stones. Then add 3 inches of topsoil. Next, mix some compost into the soil. This will help prevent diseases.

3. Place the seedling in the hole. Make sure it is well watered. Cover the roots with soil.

4. Wait until the seedling grows its first pair of leaves. At this point, you can start watering the tree every day.

5. When the tree reaches 1 foot tall, you can transplant it into a larger container.

6. After 2 months, check the trunk of the tree to see if it has developed branches. If it hasn’t, then you can repot it again.

7. After another month, you can begin fertilizing the tree. Use a fertilizer that contains nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

8. Once the tree begins producing terminal flower panicles, you can prune it back by removing half of the lower branches.

9. Maintain the tree by keeping it free from pests and disease. Also, keep it well-watered.

10. Enjoy harvesting mangoes.  

How to Grow Mangoes From Seeds

To grow mangoes from seeds, you'll need to prepare the soil properly. Mix equal parts peat moss and sand. To ensure proper drainage, add perlite or vermiculite. Add enough fertilizer to give the plant plenty of nutrients.

Choose a seed from the mature fruit. Remove the seed from the mango pit without damaging the seed. You can sow the mango seed directly into the prepared soil. Alternatively, you can soak the seeds overnight before sowing. Be sure to use a fine mesh screen to protect the young seedlings from insects.

After the seeds germinate, move the plants outside. Give each plant at least 12 hours of direct sunlight daily. Keep the temperature between 70°F and 80°F during the day and 60°F at night.

mango trees


Plant care

Mango plant requires high humidity and temperatures around 85 degrees Fahrenheit. They also need sunlight, which should be provided through a window or under a grow light. The best propagation method for mango trees is from cuttings. The dark green leaves need lots of sunlight and hot weather for optimum growth.

Mango plants need to be watered regularly, fertilized once a month, and pruned when necessary. The best way to do this is to cut off all the leaves from the bottom of the plant, then use a sharp knife to remove any dead branches. This will encourage new growth. They like rich organic matter. 

Mango plants need a lot of water and sunlight. They also need fertilizer once a month. If you want to grow a healthy mango tree, you should use organic fertilizers such as fish emulsion, composted manure, and seaweed extract. They like rich soil.

If you live in an area where winters are cold, you may want to cover your mango tree with burlap or plastic sheeting to protect it from frost damage.

To keep your mango trees healthy and happy, it is important to prune them at least twice a year. Pruning helps prevent diseases and pests from taking hold. It also encourages new growth.

The best time to prune a mango tree is after flowering. To do this, simply cut off all the lower branches. This will encourage more growth.

You can also fertilize your mango tree using a liquid fertilizer that contains both nitrogen and phosphorous.

You can help your tree produce more fruits by mulching with straw or grass clippings. These materials will retain moisture and provide food for the roots.

Pests and diseases of mango plant

Mango plant needs to be protected from insects, rodents, and birds. 

When growing mango trees, you must take precautions against fungal diseases. The fungal disease causes leaf spots, dieback, and black rot on the leaf surface and fruits.

Mango plants are susceptible to pests and diseases such as aphids, mealybugs, whiteflies, thrips, leafhoppers, scale insects, and viruses, aphids, spider mites. Diseases such as bacterial wilt, black pod disease, anthracnose, citrus greening, brown spot, and black spot can also cause damage to the fruit.

To prevent these problems, keep your plants healthy by watering them regularly and removing any dead leaves around the soil surface. The rainy season makes the fruits more susceptible to diseases. The wet weather causes poor quality fruit.


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Extra reading 

Banana (Musa paradisiaca)

Pomegranate (Punica granatum)

The great Tamarind tree


Happy Gardening!

Dr. Vandana K.