Coriander is also known as cilantro and Chinese parsley. The plant originated from South Asia and was introduced into Europe during the 16th century. Today, it is grown worldwide. Coriander is an aromatic herb that grows well indoors and easily available herbs in summer months. It is an annual plant which has a strong flavor and aroma, and its fresh leaves can be added to salads or cooked dishes. The soft stems are used in soups. It is a common herb used in Indian cuisine and is an Indian culinary herb. It is used in most Indian dishes as well as Asian dishes.
You can grow coriander indoors using seeds. If you want to start growing coriander plants from seeds, sow them in early spring. Plant them in individual pots filled with potting soil that contains enough nutrients for the plant to thrive. Keep the soil moist until germination takes place. Water regularly to prevent drought stress.
Growing coriander from seed is simple and straightforward. The seeds germinate easily, and they require little care once they sprout. Here is a step by step guide on how to grow coriander at home and to get a fresh supply of edible leaves ready for your dishes.
Step by Step Guide on How to plant Coriander at home and Care tips
1. Select Coriander Seeds
The first and most important step is to get good quality, healthy seeds and organic fresh seeds. You can get your coriander seeds from UrbanMali plant store.
2. Select Sowing Location
Coriander grows best in a sunny spot with which receives four-five hours of light. So select a sunny window or a kitchen window sill if you are planning to grow them indoors. Coriander grows best in warm weather.
3. Select a Pot
You can easily grow coriander in pots. The bigger the pot, the better your plants will grow. Make sure the container is atleast 12 inches deep and 18 inches wide. Your container will have to have plenty of drainage hole to ensure soil drainage. You can grow them in rectangular planters as well.
4. Ensure Proper Sunlight
Coriander requires atleast 4-5 hours of direct sunlight and a few hours of partial shade for proper and optimum growth. So keep them in a spot with decent sunlight.
5. Plant the Seeds
Crush the seeds lightly on your palm or on a chapati roller, so that you get split seeds. Sprinkle these seeds lightly on the soil surface and add a thin later of fresh soil on this. You can also soak your seeds in water overnight before sowing. Soaked seeds ensure faster germination.
6. Add Organic matter
Make sure the organic potting mix or your soil mix is of good quality and has fertile soil. You can add manure or vermicompost or kitchen waste compost to make sure your plants will grow well.
7. Water the plants
Water thoroughly after sowing the seeds. After that, water them when the top inch of soil becomes dry. Make sure the soil has plenty of moisture at all times.
8. Wait for Germination
Keep the soil damp and your seeds will start germinating in about 7-14 days after sowing of seeds.
9. Replant if necessary
Once you have harvested your coriander plants, you can sow the next set of seeds for another batch of coriander leaves. Coriander is an annual herb.
10. Harvest and Enjoy
Coriander leaves can be harvested once it reached 6-7 inches in height. It might take about 40-45 days for harvesting coriander after the time of germination. After this you will get a steady supply of leaves.
Common problems to avoid while growing Coriander
Some of the common problems when growing coriander might be root rot nd root decay which is due to overwatering and bolting and into flowering stage and seed setting. Some common pests and diseases of coriander is powdery mildew may affect your coriander plants.
To avoid such problems, ensure that your plants receive ample amount of sunlight, sufficient and adequate moisture, fertilize properly and receives extra care to get healthy coriander.
Health Benefits of Coriander
Coriander is packed with nutrients like Vitamin C, A, B complex, iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, folic acid, vitamin K, folate, biotin, choline, lysine, tryptophan, tyrosine, phenylalanine, etc. These nutrients are essential for maintaining good health. They help in digestion, brain function, blood circulation, skin care, hair growth, bone strength, immune system, joint pain relief, and many more.
Coriander is a very healthy herb. It contains high amounts of antioxidants which protect our body against free radicals. Free radicals cause damage to cells and tissues. Antioxidants prevent this damage by neutralizing them.
These leafy greens is a wonderful source of like vitamin C, A, B6, E, and K. It helps in digestion, improves immunity, reduces inflammation, prevents cancer, and protects the heart.
It is used in treating stomach ulcers, indigestion, diarrhea, constipation, coughs, colds, fever, flu, sore throat, and other respiratory problems. It is also useful in treating arthritis, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, lowering blood sugar levels, hypertension and blood pressure, brain health and kidney stones.
It is also helpful in curing headaches, migraines, and toothaches. It is also beneficial in preventing asthma attacks, bronchitis, and sinus infections.
Coriander helps in digestion by stimulating the production of bile acids. It also improves absorption of minerals such as iron, calcium, and magnesium. It is also beneficial for heart health because it lowers cholesterol levels.
Coriander is rich in fiber. Fiber helps in weight loss. It also reduces constipation. It is also useful for treating diarrhea.
Coriander seeds contain high amounts of protein. Protein helps build muscles and bones. It is also helpful in reducing inflammation.
Coriander leaves are rich in vitamins and minerals. It is very effective in preventing cancer. It also prevents diabetes.
Coriander oil is extracted from the seed of the coriander plant and is widely used in cooking. It is also used as a natural remedy for colds, coughs, and sore throats.
Coriander juice is prepared by crushing the fresh coriander leaves and drinking them. It is believed to cure stomach ulcers.
Coriander powder is made by grinding dried coriander leaves and then sifting the powder. It is used as an ingredient in many dishes.
FAQ on Growing Coriander
How many days coriander seeds take to grow?
Coriander seeds can be grown for about 10-15 days before they are ready to harvest.
What are the common names of coriander ?
Common names of coriander include cilantro and dhaniya.
Is there are difference between coriander and cilantro?
Coriander and cilantro plant are to the same. Generally cilantro refers to the green leaf portion and coriander refers to the seeds.
Are coriander and parsley the same?
Coriander and parsley are two different plants belonging to the same family.
Why coriander is not germinating?
Germination of coriander takes a few weeks. Germination rate depends on many factors like soil, water, light, depth of seeds sown and so on.
Will coriander seeds grow?
Grow dhaniya in pots and from seeds which is easily available. It is best grown from seeds.
How many coriander seeds per pot?
A pot of coriander seeds contains about 20-30 seeds.
How often water coriander?
Water thoroughly after planting. After that, water them when the top inch of the soil is starting to dry out.
Coriander when to harvest?
Coriander can be harvested when it has grown to about 6 inches tall.
Coriander when to plant?
Plant coriander seeds after all danger of frost has passed.
Coriander where to grow?
Coriander can be grown indoors or outdoors. The best place for coriander is full sun with well-drained soil in hot weather.
Will coriander regrow after cutting?
Yes, it will grow back. You can cut off the top of the leaves and leave the stem and roots intact. The plant will continue to grow from there.
Will coriander self seed?
Yes, it will self-seed if you plant it in a sunny location with well-drained soil.
Does coriander like lots of water?
Water them when the top layer of soil starts to dry out. Do not overwater as this will cause root rot, but it will require constant supply of water.
When are coriander seeds ready to harvest?
Coriander seeds are ready to be harvested when they turn from green seeds to brownish-yellow dry seeds.
Will coriander grow in water?
Yes you can grow coriander herbs hydroponically.
How often to harvest coriander?
You can harvest your coriander once a week.
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Happy gardening !