Flowering plants of India

Flowering plants of India

1. Crepe Jasmine

Botanical Name: Tabernaemontana divaricata

The plant has flowers in a pin-wheel shape. Crape Jasmine is one of the most common garden flowers found throughout peninsular India. 

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2. Arabian Jasmine

Botanical Name: Jasminum sambac

Jasminum sambac is an evergreen vine or shrub. The flowers bloom throughout the year. This plant is grown as an ornamental plant and for its strongly scented flowers.

3. Hibiscus

Botanical Name: Hibiscus

Hibiscus are easy to grow. They grow well in any kind of soil. With their variety of colors and shapes, they make a great addition to your garden. They need bright light for good growth.


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4. Night Jasmine

Botanical Name: Cestrum nocturnum

Night jasmine is a hardy climber. The flowers of this plant open at night exuding strong perfume.

It thrives in warm weather and needs bright light. It prefers rich, fertile soils but will tolerate poor ones if it gets enough water. Night queen is easy to grow and care for.

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5. Lotus

Botanical Name: Nelumbo nucifera

Lotus is the symbol of purity. This flower can be a focal pointing any garden. 

6. Oleander

Botanical Name: Nerium oleander

Oleander comes in different  hues of yellow, peach, salmon, pink, and burgundy red. Oleander flowers profusely in spring and summer.

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7. Chrysanthemums

Botanical Name: Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum plants need plenty of sunlight to grow well. They come in different colors. Water them regularly, and they add beautiful color and fragrance. 

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8. Plumeria 

Botanical Name: Plumeria

A deciduous shrub or a small tree famous for its fragrant flowers. They are easily propagated by stem cuttings. It is grown for its ornamental value.

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Buy plumeria pudica

9. Butterfly pea plant

Botanical Name: Clitoria ternatea

Blue Butterfly Pea belongs to the leguminous plant family Fabaceae. It has a creamy white-colored center. Butterfly pea flower is a common ingredient in many herbal teas.

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10. Marigold

Botanical Name: Tagetes erecta

Marigolds are beautiful flowers that come in various colors. They are also known to have medicinal properties. What makes them unique is their ability to attract pollinators, such as bees.


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11. Dahlia

Botanical Name: Dahlia

Dahlias are popular herbaceous perennial plants. They come in a vivid range of colors and shapes. They are the most loved garden plants, as well as cut flowers.

12. Fox Brush Orchid

Botanical name: Aerides maculosa

Fox Brush Orchid is a dwarf orchid species. These flowers are fragrant and colorful, making great house plants and garden flowers. They have pendulous inflorescence.

13. Tuberose

Botanical Name: Polianthes tuberosa

Tuberose is a perennial plant with pure white waxy tubular flowers. Flowers emit a strong fragrance and are used in perfumery.

14. Parijata

Botanical Name: Nyctanthes arbor-tristis

Parijata is a short tree, and its flowers are fragrant and blooms at night. The tree is sometimes called the "tree of sorrow", because the flowers lose their brightness during daytime.

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15. Brahmakamala

Botanical Name: Epiphyllum oxypetalum

The plant is also called the queen of the night. The white flowers have a rich, floral scent. 

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16. Gardenia

Botanical Name: Gardenia augusta

This tropical plant has beautiful glossy green foliage and produces large white flowers that emit a strong smell while blooming. 

17. Four'O Clock

Botanical Name: Mirabilis jalapa

Four'O Clock is an ornamental perennial plant. Four o’clock flowers grow and bloom abundantly in the summer. The colorful trumpet-like flowers bloom in the late afternoon or early evening.

18. Common jasmine

Botanical name: Jasminum officinale

It is also known as summer jasmine, poet's jasmine, white jasmine, and true jasmine. Common jasmine is a semi-evergreen vine. 

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19. Bread Flower

Botanical name: Vallaris solanacea

It is a climbing shrub. The white flowers have an intense fragrance. This plant can be a great addition to your garden as it attracts many birds and butterflies.

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20. White Shankapushpi

Botanical name: Clitoria ternatea

It is a fast-growing, perennial herbaceous climber. These plants  have medicinal properties. The beautiful flowers attract butterflies, also.

21. Periwinkle

Botanical Name: Catharanthus roseus

Periwinkle is known to be extremely hardy and is known to thrive even in nutritionally deficient soils. It is widely used as groundcover.

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22. Jamaican bluespike

Botanical Name: Stachytarpheta jamaicensis

It is a hardy perennial herb. The blue-purplish colored flowers produced in a spike attract a lot of butterflies.

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23. Wedelia

Botanical Name: Sphagneticola trilobata

Wedelia is an herbaceous, hardy perennial plant. It spreads aggressively. Wedelia is widely used as groundcover.

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24. Cockscomb

Botanical Name: Celosia

Cockscomb is a great, low-maintenance plant that comes in a variety of colors. It grows well even in poor, rocky, and sandy soils.

25. Osbeckia

Botanical Name: Osbeckia

Osbeckia is an annual herb that bears purple-pink flowers. Plant it anywhere, and it grows well.

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26. Crotalaria

Botanical Name: Crotalaria retusa

Crotalaria is a genus of flowering plants commonly known as rattlepods. This species is used as an ornamental for its bright yellow flowers.

27. Rangoon Creeper

Botanical Name: Combretum indicum

Rangoon creeper bears reddish flowers. The flowers are fragrant and tubular, varying from white to pink to red. The flowers change in color with age.

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28. Peacock flower

Botanical Name: Caesalpinia pulcherrima

The Peacock flower is a striking ornamental plant. It is widely grown in gardens for its red, orange, and yellow flowers. The plant attracts many birds and butterflies, especially hummingbirds.

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29. Pagoda flower

Botanical Name: Clerodendrum paniculatum

This species is a perennial herbaceous plant growing from a woody rootstock. The inflorescence consists of one or more large clusters of white-yellowish flowers which bloom between July and September.

Read more on Pagoda flower

30. Globe Amaranth

Botanical Name: Gomphrena globosa

Globe amaranth is plant of the Amaranth family. The globe-shaped flower inflorescences exhibit variety of shades like purple, red, orange, white, and pink. 

31. Uttareni

Botanical Name: Stachytarpheta mutabilis

It is a perennial herb. The pink-colored flowers produced in a spike attract a lot of butterflies.

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32. Canna

Botanical Name: Canna indica

It is a popular garden plant due to its big showy flowers. They come in a variety of shaped and colors.

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33. Butterfly Milkweed

Botanical Name: Asclepias curassavica

Scarlet Milkweed is a short herb with bright red-yellow flowers. Wasps, beetles, and a number of other butterflies visit these flowers to feed on the nectar.

Buy Butterfly milkweed plant

34. Jungle Geranium

Botanical Name: Ixora coccinea

Jungle Geranium is also known as Indian Rose and is widely grown in gardens across India. Its leaves are used to treat various ailments such as fever, cough, cold, stomach ache, skin diseases, etc.

Read more on Jungle geranium

35. Flame lily

Botanical Name: Gloriosa superba 

Flame Lilies are native to South Africa and Asia. They are also known as Gloriosa, African Lily, Fire lily, climbing flame lily, or simply glory vine. These plants are very easy to grow and require little maintenance.

Read more on Flame lily

36. Spatika

Botanical Name: Barleria

It is known as December Flower as it blooms in December and is normally strung into garlands of flowers for women to wear in their hair.


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37. Kanakambra

Botanical Name: Crossandra infundibuliformis

Kanakambaram is also known as the Firecracker Flower after its exploding fruits. The blooms are gorgeous orange in color. 

Buy Kanakambara plant

38. White ginger

Botanical Name: Hedychium

It has one of the most beautiful flowers among all the other Gingers. The butterfly-shaped flowers have a fragrance that would make anyone go weak in the knees.

Buy White ginger plant

39. Shooting star

Botanical Name: Pseuderanthemum laxiflorum

Commonly grown as an ornamental plant, it also attracts butterflies.

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40. Jatropha

Botanical Name: 

A shrub that produces beautiful red flowers. The flowers attract many butterflies. The seeds are used in the production of biofuel.

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41. Indigo

Botanical Name: Indigofera tinctoria

Indigofera tinctoria, also called true indigo, is a species of plant from the bean family that was one of the original sources of indigo dye.

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42. Day king

Botanical Name: Cestrum diurnum

Day King is a tall shrub whose fragrant tubular flowers. It is said that these fruits are poisonous to humans and most other mammals.

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43. Balsam

Botanical Name:

Balsam is a small annual plant with red or pink flowers. The stem is translucent with reddish streaks.

Buy Balsam plant

44. Butterfly Bush

Botanical Name: Buddleja

The butterfly bush is one of the most popular ornamental shrubs for gardens worldwide. This deciduous plant with yellow-white flowers.

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 45. Cosmos

Botanical Name: Cosmos

Cosmos are herbaceous plants commonly grown as summer annuals. These plants do not require much care at all. Adding organic content to the soil gives a lot of blooms.

46. Bougainvillea

Botanical Name: Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea is a hardy, drought-tolerant perennial plant. They come in a variety of colors. It's perfect for arbors, fences, or pots.

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47. Rain lily

Botanical Name: Zephyranthes

It is a flowering bulb that is grown for its ornamental value.

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48. Golden trumpet vine

Botanical Name: Allamanda

This is a flowering climber that looks lovely on a pergola of a roof. It has a woody stem and prefers a surface that it can use as support to fall over.

Buy Golden trumpet vine

49. Firecracker plant

Botanical Name: Russelia equisetiformis

Commonly called the firecracker or the coral plant, these slender red and white color flowers attract many sunbirds.

Buy Firecracker plant

50. Tecoma

Botanical Name: Tecoma stans

Commonly called the firecracker or the coral plant, these slender red and white color flowers attract many sunbirds.

Buy Tecoma plant

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Extra reading

6 Tips for More Flowers

Flowers that Thrive in Poor Soil

Sun Loving Flowering Plants

Winter Indoor Flowering Plants

12 months flowering plants in India


Happy Gardening!

Dr. Vandana K.