Citrus Varieties In India

Citrus Varieties In India

Citrus is grown in the tropical and subtropical climates. There are more citrus varieties other than lemon, mandarine, and oranges. 

Let's check it out - 

1. Sweet Lime

Botanical name: Citrus limetta

Sweet lime is one of the top citrus fruit available in India. They are commonly called Mosambi. Sweet lime is very popular because of its sweet taste. In addition, sweet lime is not acidic in taste.

Mosambi is usually eaten whole or in its juice. It’s most commonly available in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.

Sweet Lime

2. Oranges 

Botanical name: Citrus sinensis

Oranges are loaded with Vitamin C. India is one of the top producers of oranges. They're known for their bright orange color and large size.

Oranges grow in warm climates and are available worldwide. Oranges are a cross between Mandarin and Pomelo. They're larger than tangerines.

3. Tangerine

Botanical name: Citrus tangerina

Tangerines are among the most popular types of citrus fruit available in India. They're often eaten whole, but they're also commonly juiced for use in juices, and salads. They are sweeter than other types of citrus. 

Tangerines are smaller than an orange. They appear similar to an orange, but tangerines are less tart than oranges.


4. Clementine

Botanical name: Citrus clementina

Clementine is a very common citrus in India. They are a cross between mandarine orange and  sweet lime. Clementine fruits contain less acid content, and thus, the flavor resembles that of a mandarine orange. 

5. Blood Orange

Botanical name: Citrus sinensis

Blood oranges are a good source of anthocyanin, an antioxidant. They are also called raspberry oranges because of their taste. They have crimson red flesh, which differentiates them from Oranges. 

Blood Orange<

7. Citron

Botanical name: Citrus medica

Citron is one of the fragrant citrus fruit with many medicinal benefits. They have a thick rind and are used to make pickles and other cuisines. The fragrance is so evident and is used in perfumery. 

8. Pomelo

Botanical name: Citrus maxima

Pomelo is the largest of all citrus fruits. There are 2 types of Pomelo, white-fleshed and pink-fleshed. While pink-fleshed fruits have a sour taste, white-fleshed ones have a sweet taste. 

9. Lemon

Botanical name: Citrus limon

Lemons are among the most commonly consumed citrus fruits. They're often added to dishes and pickles for their tartness. Lemon juice, rind, and peel are used in a wide variety of foods and drinks. They're known for their high citric acid content and distinct sour taste. 


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10. Grapefruit

Botanical name: Citrus paradisi

Grapefruit has a unique sour and sweet, somewhat bitter flavor. Grapefruit comes in red, pink, and white colors. 

11. Bitter Orange

Botanical name: Citrus aurantium

Bitter orange can be identified through its orange fruit with a distinctly bitter or sour taste. They are widely used to make marmalade. Bitter orange is a herbal medicine. Bitter orange is a cross between mandarin and pomelo

12. Key Lime

Botanical name: Citrus aurantifolia

Key limes also known as acid limes, are a rich source of Vitamin C. The Key lime is smaller, seedier, has higher acidity, stronger aroma, and thinner rind.

13. Kaffir Lime

Botanical name: Citrus hystrix

Kaffir limes  are also called makrut limes. It is valued for its essential oil content. The rind emits an intense citrus fragrance. 

14. Buddha's Hand

Botanical name: Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis

India produces an abundance of Buddha's hands. They are one of the most unique citrus, known for their unusually shaped finger-like fruits. These fruits are exquisitely fragrant. They are also grown as an ornamental trees. Unlike other citrus fruits, most varieties of the Buddha's hand fruit contain no pulp or juice.

15. Mandarin Orange

Botanical name: Citrus reticulata

Mandarin oranges are one of the most popular citrus fruits in the world. They are eaten raw and are used in salads. The peel is thin and loose and the fruits are oblate in shape. They are sweeter than common oranges. 

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Extra reading

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Container Gardening: Grow Vegetables in Pots in Your Kitchen Garden

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How to grow mango trees

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Happy Gardening!

Dr. Vandana K.