The following 10 tips will help you to create a more productive and less maintenance vegetable garden.

man examining tomato plant on his terrace

1. Observe

Before you begin gardening, you must observe the space you are about to use, perfectly. Take a look at every aspect of the selected area neatly and consider how you can use it.

2. Prepare your soil

 

Work on your soil. Healthy, organic and nutrient-rich soil is the basis of a stable and productive vegetable garden. The quickest way to get a few feet thick layer of fertile soil is to make raised beds.

3. Design and Planning

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Imagine the plants like a puzzle and take a piece of paper and a pencil to draw the plan of your garden. Design your garden in such a way that it utilizes your space efficiently.

4. Grow Vertical

The Benefits of a Vertical Garden

Grow vertical, especially if you’re running out of space. Apart from saving space, there are many other benefits of vertical planting: less or no fungal diseases, improved air circulation means healthy and more productive plants, ease in harvesting.

5. Create a Favorable Environment

Search for the optimal combinations of plants. Try to maintain biodiversity. Build your own compost bin. Use other sources like manure, coffee grounds and wood ash to enrich your soil.

6. Grow Local

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Local and native plants that are traditionally grown in your region should be your first priority as they are easiest to grow and more productive, especially for beginners.

7. Mulching

A thick layer of mulch is also necessary for your garden to help retain moisture. It protects roots from the harsh sun and gradually decaying lowest portion of mulch enriches the soil too.

8. Watering

Sustainable garden tips

Watering the right way can increase the yield of plant and avoid many pests and diseases. Most efficient way of irrigating plants in the garden is by using hose pipes and drip lines. Dont use a sharp spraying water spout. It will disrupt the top soil and expose the roots.

9. Use of Pesticides

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Don’t use chemical pesticides until possible, they are harmful and also kill the beneficial insects and pollinators. Go organic, Turmeric, garlic, chillies, onion, insecticidal soaps, neem and horticulture oils are useful and repel the pests.

10. Don’t over fertilize

Over fertilization can burn the roots of your plants, it can imbalance the soil and even kill earthworms and other beneficial soil insects.

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